What is the World’s Largest Pigeon? (Pictures & Sounds)

Discover the fascinating world of the world’s largest pigeon, the Victoria crowned pigeon!

This magnificent bird, with its regal appearance, soft call, and intriguing behavior, has captured the hearts of birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts alike. Discover where to spot this sizable avian gem, explore fun facts, and learn about its conservation status in this lighthearted and informational journey into the world of the Victoria crowned pigeon.

Victoria crowned pigeon

When we think of pigeons, we often envision the ubiquitous city-dwellers that inhabit urban landscapes worldwide. But have you ever wondered what the largest pigeon in the world might be?

Get ready to be awed by the Victoria crowned pigeon (Goura victoria), a member of the Columbidae family and the proud bearer of the title for the largest pigeon. These impressive and captivating birds possess some truly fascinating traits that make them perfect for our nature-loving exploration today.

Appearance and Sound

The Victoria crowned pigeon is a truly majestic bird, with a body length of 29 to 30 inches (74 to 76 centimeters) and a weight of around 5.5 to 7.7 pounds (2.5 to 3.5 kilograms). This striking pigeon sports a predominantly blue and gray plumage, with a deep maroon patch on its chest.

Its most distinctive feature, however, is the magnificent crest of lace-like feathers on its head, tipped with white, which resembles a crown and gives the bird its name.

When it comes to vocalizations, Victoria crowned pigeons are relatively gentle for their size. Their calls consist of deep, resonant booms, often followed by a series of softer, high-pitched notes. These soothing calls add to their overall allure as the largest pigeons.

Victoria crowned pigeon

Where can the Victoria crowned pigeon be seen?

The Victoria crowned pigeon’s range is limited to the lowland forests of New Guinea and a few surrounding islands. These magnificent birds can be found in primary and secondary forests, as well as mangrove swamps and wooded gardens.

Victoria crowned pigeon

Diet and Behavior

The Victoria crowned pigeon’s diet primarily consists of fruits, seeds, and small invertebrates, which they forage on the forest floor. Their large size and strong beak enable them to crack open and consume even the hardest of fruits and seeds.

Victoria crowned pigeons are known for their gentle and social nature, often forming small groups with other members of their species. They engage in intricate courtship displays that include puffing out their chest, fanning their tail, and bowing to their prospective mate.

Conservation Status

The Victoria crowned pigeon is classified as “Near Threatened” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). This classification is due to their declining population, which is primarily driven by habitat loss and hunting. It is essential to support conservation efforts and promote sustainable practices to ensure the long-term survival and well-being of these impressive birds.

Fun Fact

Here’s a fun fact for all you Victoria crowned pigeon enthusiasts! The name “Victoria” in their common name is derived from the bird’s Latin name, Goura victoria, which honors Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. This regal connection is fitting, given the bird’s impressive size and crown-like crest.


The Victoria crowned pigeon, with its stunning appearance, gentle nature, and soothing call, truly earns its title as the largest pigeon in the world. Whether you’re an experienced birdwatcher or a casual nature lover, the sight and sound of these majestic birds is always a delight. So, the next time you venture into the great outdoors or explore a tropical forest, keep an eye (and an ear) out for the Victoria crowned pigeon, and let their regal presence remind you of the wonders of the natural world that exist even within the most familiar of bird families. Happy birdwatching!